Essex County Lunatic Asylum

116 Fairmount Ave.

Became the Essex County Hospital for the Insane.

Land and Buildings became Newark City Hospital (their first building) when the hospital was moved to South Orange Avenue

From History of Essex and Hudson Counties 1884

The new asylum or retreat for the insane in Newark is a model institution, which takes the place of the old one that had become inadequate for the purpose designed. The old asylum was built by the county in 1872 upon a plot of ground purchased by the city authorities for hospital purposes. From time to time additions had been made in accordance with the increased demand for accommodations, and at length it became obvious that the best policy was to build a new structure so commodious as not only to serve present necessity, but to anticipate the demands of the future.